Voltaire (1694-1778): on john locke, from letters on the english or lettres philosophiques, c baron de montesquieu (1689-1755): the spirit of the laws, 1748, excerpts [at this site] charles louis de secondat, baron de montesquieu ( 1689-1755): the spirit of the laws, 1748, alternative excerpts [at internet archive ,. During the enlightenment in europe, many philosophers expressed new ideas in terms of government, laws, etc can you answer a few he stated in this state of nature, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short he was an extremely pessimistic person, looking down on human nature john locke baron de montesquieu. Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the enlightenment insatiably curious and mordantly funny, he constructed a naturalistic account of the various forms of government, and of the causes that made them what they were and that advanced or constrained their development he used. Montesquieu, in full charles-louis de secondat, baron de la brède et de montesquieu, (born january 18, 1689, château la brède, near bordeaux, france—died february 10, 1755, paris), french political philosopher whose principal work, the spirit of laws, was a major contribution to political theory. Other major thinkers denis diderot john locke baron de montesquieu jean- jacques rousseau voltaire this video is a great introduction to the enlightenment and introduces students to the works of different philosophers like kant, locke, diderot, montesquieu, and voltaire this video also shows how influential their. The declaration of independence and the us constitution were influenced by great thinkers of this time everyone wanted to hear from the great thinkers that inspired the enlightenment philosophers john locke, jean-jacques rousseau, baron de montesquieu, and thomas hobbes were the great thinkers who inspired. Enlightenment philosophers john locke, charles montesquieu, and jean- jacques rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern these thinkers had a profound effect on the american and french revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced.
Based on the metaphor of bringing light to the dark age, the age of the enlightenment (siècle des lumières in french and aufklärung in german) shifted life, liberty and to pursue their conception of good, begins with the english philosopher john locke, but also finds expression in thomas jefferson's drafting of the. The french philosophes (philosophers) took the enlightenment to new heights charles-louis de secondat, better known as the baron de montesquieu (1689- 1755), developed the work of john locke and espoused the concept of the separation of power by creating divisions in government. Charles-louis de secondat, baron de la brède et de montesquieu, referred to in history as simply montesquieu, was a french philosopher who lived during the european age of enlightenment, in the 17th and 18th centuries his writings and his political ideas were read by many american colonists and founders and had a.
Baron de montesquieu (1689–1755) the foremost french political thinker of the enlightenment, whose most influential book, the spirit of laws, expanded john locke's political study and incorporated the ideas of a division of state and separation of powers montesquieu's work also ventured into sociology: he spent a. John locke, english philosopher that was the biggest influence on the declaration of independence voltaire, french philosopher and satirist voltaire, he fought for tolerance of reason, religion and speech voltaire, he was the biggest influence on the constitution's 1st amendment freedoms baron de montesquieu, french. These enlightenment thinkers held much in the way of persuasion over the framers in the construction of the constitution on one hand, the notion of individual and unalienable rights that locke developed would represent a major benchmark of the constitution the idea that there are specific rights that cannot be taken.
Baron de montesquieu - philosopher whose the spirit of laws (1748) built on locke's ideas about government voltaire - primary satirist of the french enlightenment best known for candide (1759) denis diderot - primary editor of the mammoth encyclopédie, which attempted to aggregate all human knowledge into one. Thomas hobbes (1588 – 1679) john locke (1632 – 1704) jean-jacques rousseau (1712 – 1778) baron de montesquieu (1689 – 1755) voltaire (1694 not believing in force is the same as not believing in gravitation leisure is the mother of philosophy john locke believed in natural laws and natural rights. According to locke, if your government fails, what do the people have the right to do which philosopher had the greatest influence on the structure of american government which philosopher believes people are greedy and selfish what are natural rights according to locke, who is the social contract between.
Start studying enlightenment philosophers/theories/theories of government learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. John locke was an english philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of enlightenment thinkers, and commonly known as the baron de montesquieu, usually referred to as simply montesquieu, was a french lawyer, man of letters, and one of the most influential political philosophers of the.
Thomas hobbes and john locke were two english political thinkers who started the enlightenment both men had seen the civil war and political changes of england in of modern democracy in france in the mid-1700s, the enlightenment reached its height the baron de montesquieu, a french writer, studied politics. John locke, baron de montesquieu, voltaire, and jean jacques rousseau were all enlightenment philosophers each of these men had a particular view of government, society, and its citizens and they were all passionate about their works locke (1632- 1704) was an english philosopher, his ideas had a. Many enlightenment thinkers lived in paris these thinkers were known as philosophes, the french word for one who searches for wisdom and knowledge among the most influential philosophers were john locke jean jacques rousseau, and baron de montesquieu thomas hobbes, leviathan one of the first. Baron de montesquieu - a french lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who explore the best charles de secondat quotes here at openquotes john locke - an english philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the father of.